June 2014 (No. 2)
The effects of EGF and IGF-1 on FSH-mediated in vitro maturation of domestic cat oocytes derived from follicular and luteal stages
Koray Yıldırım a, M. Rıfat Vural a,*, Şükrü Küplülü a, Ziya Özcan b, I. Mert Polat a
a Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey
b Department of Histology and Embriology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ankara University, Ankara, Turkey
The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of epidermal growth factor (EGF) and insulin like growth factor-I (IGF-1) on the in vitro maturation of cat oocytes recovered from follicular and luteal stage ovaries. Oocytes from follicular (n = 580) and luteal (n = 209) stages were harvested and divided into four groups, which were cultured in FSH-mediated matura- tion medium supplemented with: (1) EGF alone (25 ng/mL); (2) IGF-1 alone (100 ng/mL); (3) EGF + IGF-1 (25 ng/mL EGF + 100 ng/mL IGF-I); or (4) no growth factor (control). The proportion of follicular stage oocytes reaching the metaphase II stage was significantly higher than that of oocytes obtained at the luteal stage in both control and study groups ( p < 0.001). The percentages of oocytes reaching the metaphase II stage during the follicular period were 62.6% in control; 70.9% in EGF; 72.8% in IGF-1, and 78.1% in EGF + IGF-1 groups, whereas the respective values for gametes collected from luteal stage ovaries were 12.5%, 17.5%, 12.5%, and 16.9%. Additionally, the differences between the study and control groups were significant in the case of follicular stage oocytes. Finally, supplementing the maturation medium with EGF and/or IGF-1 significantly enhanced the meiotic maturation of oocytes recovered from follicular stage ovaries. The present study also demonstrated that the combination of EGF and IGF-I provides an additional or synergic effect on meiotic maturation of oocytes recovered from the follicular stage.
Reproductive Biology 2014 14 2: 122-127.
* Corresponding author at: Department of Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproduction, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ankara University, 06110 Diskapi, Ankara, Turkey. E-mail address: firstname.lastname@example.org